Refrigerants are the cooling gases that make fridges, heat pumps and air conditioners work

Refrigerants are the cooling gases that make fridges, heat pumps and air conditioners work


EPEE promotes rules and regulations that ensure refrigerants are carefully looked after during their entire lifecycle, whether that is through better monitoring, labelling and training, or EU phase down schemes.

Fluorinated gases (F-gases) are used as refrigerants in refrigeration, air conditioning and heat pump equipment. All of these technologies will enable us to decarbonise the heating and cooling sector and achieve the 2050 climate neutrality target laid out in EU Green Deal, and the international obligations enshrined in the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol.

The current 2014 EU F-gas Regulation is regarded globally as the gold standard for being able to deliver excellent results in the CO2 emissions abatment.

The Montreal Protocol is the most successful international climate treaty. It started by focusing on protecting the Ozone Layer, but now it also tackles the climate change aspects of refrigerants when its mission was updated by the Kigali Amendment.

EPEE has supported the EU F-Gas Regulation, as well as the Kigali Amendment, through a series dedicated informative initiatives.

We also partnered with the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) for the development of the HFC (hydrofluorocarbon) Outlook modelling tool, which helps governments assess pathways towards achieving the Kigali Amendment. For the EU and UK, EPEE has developed the HFC Outlook EU model to project pathways for the refrigerant transition in view of the EU F-Gas Regulation. If you want to find out more about HFC Outlook EU, click here.

By 2030, the EU Commission expects to further reduce F-Gas emissions by two thirds from 2014 levels. This makes the F-Gas framework probably one of the most successful climate related policy measures in Europe.


The EU adopted its current F-gas Regulation in 2014, which replaced the 2006 Regulation.
With the introduction of a cap and phasedown of 79% by 2030, the legislation fundamentally changes the way industry can use HFCs. How? Find out more in our FAQ!

The European Commission is currently reviewing the F-gas rules to ensure the framework’s alignment with the common 2030 and 2050 climate targets under the European Climate Law and the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol. A proposal for the revised regulation is expected by the end of 2021.

The on-going F-Gas Regulation’s revision represents an opportunity for further improvement and to achieve the EU’s climate goals, in relation to the strengthening of its successful requirements to all refrigerants, in a coherent, sustainable and harmonised manner.

Video on the phase down:

The video can also be viewed in FrenchSpanishItalian, and Japanese.

For more information on our gapometer work, see here: The Gapometer – FAQ

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